Why have your dog neutered?

You are the happy or happy owner of a little male doggie , and you wonder whether or not to sterilize ?

The purpose of this article is to bring you the answers to the questions you ask yourself.

It is first of all good to remember that for dogs of the first category, it is simply obligatory (law of 6 January 1999> ) to sterilize them surgically.

All veterinarians agree that for the health of a non-breeding male dog, it is best to have him neutered. It is recommended to operate the dog before puberty , that is to say between 6 and 8 months in small breeds and around 8 - 10 months in large breeds.

impact of castration on dog behavior

It is no secret that the entire male dog (ie, non-castrated) is more runaway during warmer females. In addition to this unwanted behavior , the dog is also more irritable, brawler with the other males, he no longer obeys you: he spends his outings sniffing everywhere, his nose stuck to the bitumen. These behavioral symptoms are exacerbated by the impregnation of testosterone. However, this is produced by the testes in all male mammals.

In addition to these behavioral concerns, it is mainly health problems that can be spared to a dog if it is sterilized.

Health benefits

Avoid tumors

It is relatively common in the old non-castrated male dog to have testicular tumors . These, (which may be benign or malignant, will obviously not develop in a male dog surgically castrated since the classical surgical procedure consists in "removing" the testicles of the dog.

Other surgical techniques exist (by vasectomy = ligation or resection of the vas deferens) but if they render the dog sterile (because he will not be able to produce any seminal fluid), they do not change the fact that he remains under hormonal impregnation and therefore will not bring any benefit to the dog's health

If the dog has testicular ectopia (if it is cryptorchid or monorchid, ie if it has both or only one intra-abdominal testis) it is even more strongly recommended to have it sterilized because the risk of developing a testicular tumor is increased tenfold, because the testicles in the abdomen will be stimulated by being well warmed there. and will secrete more testosterone, which will induce a surplus of "work" for the cells and thus an increased risk of developing tumors. Moreover, since testicular ectopia is hereditary, it is recommended not to breed these dogs. And, moreover, it is a fatal flaw.

To avoid diseases of the prostate

The non-castrated male dog also frequently presents diseases of the prostate : benign hyperplasia, cysts, abscess, prostatitis, tumors,...

Benign hyperplasia is probably the most common but if it is not malignant, it is nonetheless to be taken seriously. Because it causes:
- disorders of the defecation: indeed, the prostate is located anatomically just below the distal colon, and if it grows, it pushes the colon upward, which causes a constipation "mechanical"
- urinary disorders: cystitis, difficulty urinating (because the prostate surrounds the urethra)
- diffuse pain related to pressure of the prostate on the surrounding organs.

Finally, castration limits the risk of abscesses and tumors of the anal glands, development of peri-anal tumors and perineal hernia

No unwanted litters

And then, of course, have your dog cured prevents breeding . Exit the risk of unwanted litters!

> Learn more about surgical castration and chemical castration in dogs
Dr. Laurence De Meester - de Courcy, Veterinarian

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