What does the dog grunt mean?
grunt in dogs is always a sign of aggression, but aggression does not always mean bad intentions. A dog may growl while playing (in the game of pulling-letting go, for example): he is not aggressive towards his master, but towards the prey-bag (or the cuff, etc.).
The addressed grunt a person is a warning , either light or truly threatening. The slight warning is almost always combined with the closed mouth growling, which the English call "growl". The translation is more or less the following: "That's enough, I'm tired, give me peace! The dog can also emit a "growl" during a game, or to tell his master that he does not want to be caressed anymore.
The real threat is accompanied by the "Snarl," or grunting, showing teeth. The dominant dog discovers his teeth by folding his lips forward, while the subject subject stretches them backwards. The "snarl" always associates itself with other precise signals, sent by facial and corporal mimicry. The straight ears (or pointing forward), the stare in the eyes of the rival and the tail in the air express an aggressiveness combined with domination.
To defuse the latent conflict, it suffices in most cases to respond with attitudes of submission, by diverting for example the look and picking up a little bit of his body so as to be small. Fixing a dog in the eyes or trying to frighten him by his stature, however, are signs of domination (and therefore challenge), likely to cause an attack on his part.
It should of course never adopt a posture subject to his dog (which should not grumble anyway after you: if he does, it is that you have made a serious mistake in his education); however, this trick can be very useful to avoid aggression from an unknown dog.
If the dog grunts because you entered his territory, his threat will have nothing to do with the domination and will derive only from its sense of territoriality: the only way to avoid an attack is to decamp as quickly as possible.
If the dog growls with his ears lying down, his tail is low and his eyes look away, he is aggressive but submissive, and presumably unsure of himself. If you are on its territory, its hierarchical situation does not improve things much, on the contrary: it will feel much more threatened by your dominant attitude and may attack you.
If you find yourself in neutral territory, you will undoubtedly reduce it to flight by a dominant behavior (for example, screaming against him, fixing him in the eyes and making you as much as possible); nevertheless, a dog unable to save himself will bite out of fear. Hierarchically challenging an unknown dog is always risky, and this solution will be chosen only in case of absolute urgency.
Otherwise, it is better to move away calmly, without abrupt gestures, leaving little by little of what the dog considers his "safe zone" and where he feels threatened by the presence of a rival. Running away is the worst reaction, as it may stimulate the dog's predatory instinct and encourage him to pursue you.
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