Dog vaccine

A confusion is often made between serum and vaccine . The dog vaccine protects the animal against the main diseases of the dog, often viral, by stimulating the body to make antibodies that will be used in case of infection by the disease in question.

The serum is an injection of 'antibodies rapidly destroyed by the body and it will be necessary to renew.
Some puppies receive, before 2 months, sera against the distemper, for example, but it will still be necessary to vaccinate them from 2 months, by making two successive injections, because the injection of the serum is not the first vaccination.
Attention: an animal is protected against a disease only fifteen days after the second injection. The primary vaccination includes, indeed, two injections at one month intervals. As an annual booster, the effect is immediate
Dog vaccines can be safely combined and vaccine reactions are rare. It is useless to vaccinate a puppy before 2 months because its immune system is not developed enough to ensure the manufacture of antibodies (except for parvovirus, against which puppies are vaccinated from 5 to 6 weeks in farms)

Recommended vaccines

They are called "CHLRP": distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, rabies and parvovirus. There is also a vaccine against piroplasmosis, parasitic disease transmitted by ticks, but it is not done systematically.
These vaccines are from 2 months, except that for rabies which is made from 3 month. Reminders are done a month later, except for rabies that requires only one injection. But for all vaccines, there is a yearly booster.

  • 2 month old puppy: CHLP
  • at 3 months: CHLRP
  • at 1 year: CHLRP


If you want that the body of the dog permanently contains antibodies, the injections of vaccines must be practiced until the end of its life.

Anti-rabies vaccination is the only one legally required for the crossing of borders, the exposures , residence in contaminated departments, stay in campsites...

But all vaccinations will be required to put the animal in boarding, for example.

To summarize, vaccinations can protect dogs against:

  • viral gastroenteritis or parvovirus
  • distemper
  • contagious hepatitis or Rubarth disease
  • leptospirosis
  • adenovirus respiratory disease
  • rabies
  • leishmaniasis


Note that some prevention and vaccination costs may be reimbursed by animal welfare

Advice from the veterinarian: Why vaccinate your dog?

Dr. Caroline Rousseau veterinarian in Evry, gives you advice on vaccines in your dog in 3 points:

So, why vaccinate your dog?
Vaccination is an act of prevention against certain viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases that can be fatal. This vaccination stimulates the body's immune system and helps to resist infectious agents. A dog can be contaminated by stool, urine, jet glands (snot), postillions and through external parasites (fleas, ticks and mosquitoes).

Against which diseases to vaccinate?
Now, what are the main diseases of the dog against which to vaccinate? The main viral diseases are:
- squamous (fever, respiratory, digestive, ocular...)
- parvovirus (gastroenteritis haemorrhagic)
- kennel cough (contagious tracheobronchitis);
-the rubarth hepatitis (severe liver injury, fever and gastroenteritis)
-and rabies

It is also possible to vaccinate against bacteria such as leptospirosis (gastroenteritis haemorrhagic, jaundice, kidney damage) and parasites transmitted by ticks (piroplasmosis, lyme disease, for example)

What is the vaccination protocol?
Finally, the vaccination protocol is to have your veterinarian practice 2 to 3 vaccines at 3 to 4 weeks interval during primary vaccination (whether a puppy as young as 7 weeks of age or as an adult) then the vaccination booster is renewed every year

My advice : Vaccination should be done on a healthy animal and remember to deworm v your dog a few days before the vaccine

The adage to remember: Prevention is better than cure !!!!!!

> Find his advice in video:

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