The nervous system of the cat
The system Cat's nervous system is divided into a central nervous system (CNS), a peripheral nervous system (PNS) and an autonomic nervous system (ANS).
The central nervous system
The central nervous system is composed of Brain which is compact and globular in the cat, 35 mm long and 37 mm wide with convolutions or slight folds
is in the central part; with a very important gland, the pituitary gland, it regulates the activity of all the endocrine organs of the body, that is to say the thyroid, the parathyroid, the adrenal glands and the pancreas. In the posterior part of the brain are, in order:
- the cerebellum used to maintain the correction of posture
- the peduncle of the brain that regulates the activity of the autonomic nervous system
- the spinal cord which is lodged inside the vertebral column and from which the roots of the nerves
The peripheral nervous system The peripheral nervous system consists of the set of nerves
, whether it is the encephalic nerves (olfactory, optic, acoustic, wave, etc.) or those of the spinal cord
The autonomic nervous system The autonomic nervous system regulates involuntary organ activities (such as lungs, heart, kidneys, etc.) and coordinates functions. It is composed of two elements, the sympathetic and the parasympathetic, which work in functional opposition in order to permanently maintain an effective
balance in the body.