The hair and skin of the cat play a very important role in protection and maintenance of body temperature , because they defend it against the heat, protect it from the cold, sun rays and possible germs.
The hair is also a good indicator of cat's health by shiny and soft , or dull and hisute .
Hair, a mutation over time seasons
The dress has a different consistency in winter and summer , to allow a good regulation of the internal temperature according to the variations of the outside temperature. moults , however, is done continuously, even if it is with greater intensity at the changes of the season.
Keeping oneself clean: an act taught to the kitten by its mother
hair appears brilliant thanks to sebum, a substance secreted by the glands, which forms a very thin layer of film on the hair and contains either cholesterol or a large amount of vitamin D, that the cat absorbs licking. The cat is well known, is the animal that likes the cleanliness of his body more than any other. The very act of making oneself clean is taught to the kitten by his mother who licks his dress lovingly from his rough tongue.
At adulthood , he passes thus from endless hours of licking and straightening his hair, to the point where he managed to barely smell. The hair of the short-haired cat measures less than 4.5 cm . Long-haired cats may have 12 to 13 cm long . It must be taken into account that the genetically dominant character, and even the basic "wild" type, is short-haired.
Finally, it should be remembered that in the "curly" variety (such as Devon or Cornish Rex ), the hairs can be very short and wavy . On the other hand, in Sphynx, the hair is so short and so stiff that one can have the impression of being in contact with the bare skin of the animal ("suede" effect) to the touch.
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