sarcoptic mange is caused by a mite that parasitizes several areas of the dog's body. The lesions begin to appear on the head, and at the places where the skin is the most fragile and the most deprived of hair (armpits, groin, belly, base of the tail, and the distal parts of the limbs). The disease is spread by direct or indirect contagion
Symptoms of sarcoptic mange
The parasite lives in the thickness of the dermis of the dog where it builds real galleries. This results in dermatitis with erythema, papules (small firm protrusions on the skin), alopecia and hemorrhagic crusts.
Skin peels off and gives off a characteristic odor of rancid fat. The lesions caused by the parasite are doubled by those that the dog procures himself by intensively itching. The disease can progress to acanthosis (skin disease that results in thickening and abnormal roughness of the skin associated with brownish pigmentation), hyperkeratosis, diffuse alopecia, the appearance of dandruff: all manifestations that weaken and disfig.
The skin lesions caused by the parasite, the symptomatology and the possible detection of the mite make it possible to establish the diagnosis
Treatment against sarcoptic mange
The treatment is based on the Topical use of acaricides, administration of symptomatic medications, local antiseptics, and parenteral and topical corticosteroids to reduce the serious inflammation accompanying the disease. In some cases, to hasten healing, it is necessary to mow the animal. To reduce the excess of stratum corneum, use baths containing sulfur soap.
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