Respiratory problems in small dogs
All dogs, regardless of breed or size, may encounter respiratory problems, a fortiori old dogs and small dogs . When the air is difficult to pass and the dog has to make an effort to breathe is because there is infection or obstruction of the upper respiratory tract.
Respiratory problems can have several origins in dogs of small size.
Poodle breeds, Yorkshire, Chihuahua
One of the most common respiratory problems in small breeds (poodle, yorkie, chihuahua) is the tracheal collapse . This is manifested by a soft trachea that does not allow the passage of air fluidly and continuously. Medical treatment will be proposed to limit pressure on the trachea. In parallel, treatment with tranquilizers may be prescribed to avoid stress, since it promotes complications. For the most severe cases, surgical treatment is possible, it consists in the installation of a tracheal stent to facilitate the passage of air.
Small breeds of brachycephalic type
This syndrome is found in small breeds with a "crushed" nose. Note that large brachycephalic dogs type boxer, can also suffer from this syndrome. The typical anatomy of the skull of the brachycephalic breeds predisposes them to a set of pathologies of the respiratory system.
The cartilages of the nostrils can be abnormally flaccid and obstruct the respiratory tract with the inspiration, to the point that the dog is forced to breathe through the mouth. Surgery can correct this congenital and hereditary defect.
These breeds can show an excessive length of the soft palate, which again hinders breathing, making it very noisy. If an anesthetic is to be performed on a brachycephalic breed, special precautions must be taken and the veterinarian must first be informed.
To go further: Diseases of the respiratory tract of the dog
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