Problems in the small intestine of the cat
The diarrhea is the symptom of more frequent intestinal disorders, it is sometimes accompanied by vomit
Enteritis can have multiple causes. They can be due to dietary errors , are often without fever and are not accompanied by significant discomfort.
They are usually resolved by varying the doses and the quality of food, and rehydrating the cat if needed
Many more problematic are bacterial infections which, in addition to vomiting and often haemorrhagic diarrhea, lead to fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain ( the cat becomes isolated or wanders in the house as a soul in pain ) and weight loss
The viral forms are also serious. In addition to the latter, there is also a wide range of enteritis characterized by specific cells infiltrating into the walls (lymphocellular gastroenteritis, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, granulomatous colitis).
The symptoms are the same in the three forms and are characterized by chronic vomiting, sometimes interrupted by diarrhea, alternating weight loss with long periods without disturbances.
A large number of enteritis is also due to intestinal parasites , a very common problem among kittens, cats that go out into the garden and those who live in rural areas.
coproscopic analyzes performed by the veterinarian can detect the presence of eggs, larvae, proglottides and protozoids in the feces of the cat. This may exceptionally be due to a worm, Dipylidium caninum, which does not permanently eliminate eggs and oviferous capsules (proglottides). It is therefore necessary to carry out several stool checks in the same week to identify it.
If the presence of worms is proven, vermifuges for cats will allow your pet to be treated properly and treated.
rounds or nematodes Of these, roundworms
(Toxocara cati) are the most common. They settle in the small intestine and can cause intestinal inflammation with severe diarrhea, asthenia and, in kittens, neurological manifestations due to irritation of intestinal nerve endings. Infestation is by ingestion of parasite eggs in the soil and during the first 10 days of life through breastfeeding
- Flatworms or cestodes Some tapeworms
can be caught by the accidental ingestion of a flea during daily cleansing (as in the case of Dipylidium caninum); others, more rarely, by ingestion of raw freshwater fish where Dyphillobotrium latum is found. They can cause diarrhea and weight loss. Nematode and cestode elimination therapy is based on specific anthelmintics based on pyrantel, praziquantel and milbemycin, which are taken orally as tablets, drops, oral paste or special ampoules
the content of which is applied between the scapulae for dermal absorption
- Intestinal Protozoa Coccidia and Giardias
that reproduce on the intestinal mucosa cause the destruction of intestinal cells in charge of absorption. The most common symptoms are weight loss, asthenia, dehydration, and severe diarrhea that lead to significant weakening of the kitten.
Antiprotozoal or sulfonamide therapies, as appropriate, should continue until the coproscopic examination is negative
The main intestinal parasites of the cat are present in the AllCreatureAnimalClinic guides