Feline leukemia (FeLV)

The feline leucosis is due to a virus that is transmitted by all cat secretions : tears, saliva, urine, stool and blood. It is a disease of cats, which is not contagious for the man. Cats Contaminated Bites, licking, sharing the same bowl or tray

It usually takes several contacts to infect the cat and the secretions must be fresh, the virus does not resist desiccation. Transmission can also be from the mother to the fetus or kitten through the placenta or milk. The cat that gets infected from a congener can eliminate the virus by itself and never declare the disease

Declaration of symptoms between 6 months and 3 years

If its immune system is not enough effective or if it is young (cat less than one year), the virus remains in its blood and it becomes in turn contagious for its congeners. It will report symptoms in six months to two, three years: thymus atrophy and delayed growth in kittens, lymphosarcomas (ganglion tumors), non-regenerative anemia, abortion in pregnant cats, immunosuppression responsible for recurrent abscess, coryza Chronic...

Treatment is only palliative and it is often necessary to euthanize the cat. To diagnose the disease, a test is required to check for the presence of the virus in the cat's blood. This test is performed on very little blood and is done very quickly. It is also used before vaccination against leukosis or whenever a new cat is adopted. It shows whether the cat is negative or positive and whether it should be isolated from its congeners.

The separation of positive and negative cats is the only reliable way to eradicate the disease. If your cat leads a risky life, ie if he goes outdoors all year or only during the holidays, it is advisable to do so.

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