Discover Hoscar, the gendarme dog with incredible talent!
German Shepherds, Malinois or even Labradors are the dogs we have the most used to seeing alongside the police. Their intelligence, their docility and their ability to retain a large amount of information and orders make these breeds particularly appreciated for police dog teams.
But there is another, less frequent , which is also full of talents that it would be a shame not to exploit: the dog of Saint-Hubert. This big tawny and black dog full of folds and with drooping chins has indeed a truffle particularly effective for tracking, an undeniable asset to find missing persons.
Hoscar, new recruit of the Gendarmerie
Aged only 23 months, Hoscar is already a star in the Loiret , where is the brigade to which he belongs. This adorable Saint-Hubert, the twelfth only of the gendarmerie of France, has already demonstrated its great tracking capabilities during its first mission, finding in less than an hour a missing person!
One of the biggest difficulties in tracking is separating odors to follow only the one that is important. For example, when sniffing a cigarette butt, Hoscar must be able to set aside the smell of tobacco to retain and follow only that of the human who has tenuous. Sometimes it's even harder, because many people may have touched the same object. Under these circumstances, all persons concerned must be presented to Hoscar, except the one who has disappeared of course, and by deduction the dog will go in search of the missing smell .
Born to track
Why does the Saint-Hubert have such a talent for finding smells? This is simply because, for years, this breed has been raised and selected for flair hunting. Its large muzzle thus has a particularly large number of olfactory sensors : while a human has 100,000 and a Malinois has nearly 200 million, the number of these sensors is 280 million at Saint-Hubert
Dickx, one of the 12 Saint-Hubert of the Gendarmerie © S.Ferret Sirpa-Gendarmerie
Moreover, it would seem that his big ears and his pendulous chins also play a role in the pursuit of smells. Clutching the ground, on either side of the dog's head, they would then guide the smells to direct them towards the powerful truffle of Saint-Hubert.
This particular anatomy makes this dog a tracker emeritus, able to find a target even 8 days after its disappearance, when the conditions lend themselves to it. Moreover, his qualities are officially recognized by the American justice, and his flair can be used as evidence during a trial. Nevertheless, this breed is used only very rarely because the training of these dogs takes a little longer than that of a classic sheepdog.