Leishmaniasis is a very serious parasitic disease, transmitted to the dog by a vector insect called the "sandfly". This insect has a nocturnal lifestyle: that is, it is particularly active at dusk, dawn and at night.
The classic season of sandflies activity extends from April-May to September-October in the Mediterranean , but this season may vary depending on weather conditions. In recent years, sandflies appear earlier and earlier in the season (as early as March).
The disease is transmitted to dogs by the bite of an infected sandfly. It is also a zoonosis , that is, it can affect the man. WHO (the World Health Organization) is therefore particularly interested in this condition.
The parasite agent of this disease is a microscopic protozoan called "leishmania" ( Leishmania infantum ). The disease will cause the death of the dog in an inevitable way in the more or less long term.
If leishmaniasis was a rare disease a few years ago, it is not at all the case currently! Indeed, dogs traveling more and more with their masters , all French veterinarians (regardless of their area of exercise) are confronted several times a year to this disease.
> A veterinarian we provides more information on leishmaniasis on video:
- Leishmaniasis-affected species
- Leishmaniasis risk areas
- How to prevent leishmaniasis
- Leishmaniasis symptoms
- Treatment of leishmaniasis
Dr. Laurence De Meester - de Courcy, Veterinarian
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